For many beginners, understanding the inner workings of your motorcycle can be daunting. However, it's important to remember that everything on your bike is a logical creation and most things are easy to understand. The clutch is one of the things that confounds many new riders. It may seem like it's a complex mechanism, but it's really not that tough to figure out.
Ari Henning of Motorcyclist Magazine does a great job of showing you how your clutch works and talking about what it does and why it's important in the video below. If you've always wondered how it works, I highly recommend you check out the video. It's not too in depth, and you're not going to be an expert after watching it, but it gives you the basic rundown, which is important.